Physalis virginiana Mill.
Virginia Ground Cherry
CC = 3
CW = 5
MOC = 72
Family - Solanaceae
Habit - Rhizomatous perennial.
Stems - Ascending, usually branched, to 60 cm, nonglandular, moderately pubescent with downward-angled hairs, also usually with longer, spreading hairs.
Leaves - Alternate, simple, petiolate, to 7 cm, lanceolate to ovate, sharply pointed at tip, with entire or toothed margins, moderately nonglandular-hairy with a mixture of shorter appressed and longer spreading hairs. Where present, teeth relatively shallow, bluntly pointed or rounded. Surfaces dark green when fresh.
Calyx - Flowering calyces 6-12 mm, the lobes 3-6 mm long, the outer surface moderately to densely pubescent with a mixture of longer, spreading hairs and shorter downward-angled or -curved hairs. Fruiting calyx sparsely to moderately hairy at fruiting, becoming elongated to 20-40 mm long, shallowly 10-angled or 10-ribbed, concave at the base
Flowers - Corollas 10-17 mm, pale yellow to lemon yellow or yellow, the inner surface with 5 prominent purplish brown spots toward the base. Stamens with broad filaments about as wide as the anthers, the anthers 2-3 mm long, yellow, arched but not coiled after dehiscence.
Flowering - April - October.
Habitat - Forests, upland prairies, loess hill prairies, savannas, glades, ledges, fields.
Origin - Native to the U.S.
Other info. - This ground cherry is common throughout most of the state, and ranges throughout the Midwest and southeastern U.S. Because the flowers are pendent and often borne below the foliage, the plant is not very conspicuous. As a group, plants in this genus usually occur singly or in small groups of a few plants, rather than in large populations. Important characters for identification include the size and appearance of the corollas and calyces, types of hairs present, and whether the plant is rhizomatous. Physalis virginiana is distinguished in part by its large flowers and nonglandular pubescence.
Photographs taken at St. Joe State Park, St. Francois County, MO, 5-17-2018 (SRTurner).