Dianthus barbatus L.

Sweet William


CC = *
CW = 5
MOC = 3

© DETenaglia

Family - Caryophyllaceae

Stems - To .75m tall, glabrous, herbaceous, typically simple but sometimes branching above, 4-angled (the angles rounded).


© DETenaglia

Leaves - Opposite, lanceolate, elliptic or oblong, to 8cm long, 2cm broad, glabrous, sessile to short-petiolate, entire or minutely ciliate.

Inflorescence - Terminal cyme of 5-30 flowers, dense.

Flowers - Petals 5, clawed, variously colored, fringed. Stamens 10, included to slightly exserted. Styles 2. Calyx tubular, striate, to 1cm long. Fruit a capsule, many seeded, +/-1cm long.


© DETenaglia

Dianthus_barbatus_calyx.jpg Calyx.

© DETenaglia

Flowering - June - August.

Habitat - Cultivated and rarely escaped.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Dianthus barbatus is the most common species of the genus cultivated in this state. The plant has many varieties, mostly differentiated by flower color, but also size.
The typical flower color is whitish with some red spotting. Double flowered plants are common. This species is also crossed with other species for horticultural hybrids. The plant grows readily from seed.

Photographs taken off the MKT Trail, Columbia, MO., 5-17-04.