Ptelea trifoliata L.

Hop Tree

Ptelea trifoliata plant

Family - Rutaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Ptelea trifoliata stem

Leaves - No info. yet.

Ptelea trifoliata leafAdaxial surface of leaf.

Ptelea trifoliata leafAbaxial surface of leaf.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Ptelea trifoliata inflorescence

Flowers - No info. yet.

Ptelea trifoliata flowers

Ptelea trifoliata fruitsFruit.

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Limestone glades, prairie openings on top of bluffs, rocky open woods, low woods in ravines, thickets. Nearly always on limestone soils.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This shrubby species can be found mainly in the counties southeast of a line drawn from Bates County to Scotland County. It is also found in Atchison County. The plant is easy to identify because of its trifoliolate, alternate leaves and small flowers.
Traditionally the plant was used for a host of culinary and medicinal purposes. The fruits were used as a hops substitute and the roots and bark were used as a quinine substitute.

Photographs taken at Alley Spring, MO., 5-22-03.