Erythronium americanum Ker
Family - Liliaceae
Stems - Plants acaulescent, from a scaly bulb.
Leaves - Basal, petiolate, typically two per fertile plant, (one leaf on sterile plants). Blades glabrous, entire, fleshy to subsucculent, acute to acuminate, mottled with silver above, green below, linear-elliptic to ovate-elliptic, to +20cm long, +5cm broad.
Inflorescence - Single flower terminating peduncle (scape), typically only one per plant. Flower nodding. Peduncle glabrous, to +15cm tall.
Flowers - Tepals 6, yellow to brownish, glabrous, entire, 4.5-5cm long, 7-8mm broad, recurved in flower, glabrous. Stamens 6, adnate to base of tepals. Filaments to 1.7cm long, 1.5mm broad, yellow, glabrous. Anthers 1.3cm long, purple. Ovary 1.3cm long, 3-angled, 3-locular, green, glabrous, superior. Placentation axile. Style 6mm long, expanded at apex. Stigma hollow at apex, lobed, yellow.
Flowering - March - May.
Habitat - Low rich woods, along streams, wooded slopes.
Origin - Native to U.S.
Other info. - This striking species is found mainly in the lower 1/3 of Missouri. The yellow flowers are easy to spot against the leaf litter of the woods. This species can be found in colonies of sterile, one-leaved plants along with a few fertile, two-leaved plants.
Photographs taken at Hanging Rock State Park, NC., 3-22-03.