Agrimonia parviflora Ait.

Swamp Agrimony

Agrimonia parviflora plant

Family - Rosaceae

Habit - Fibrous-rooted perennial forb.

Stems - Ascending, to >1 m, densely pubescent and also glandular.

Agrimonia parviflora stem

Leaves - Stipules leaflike. Leaf blades pinnately compound, to 30 cm long, with 11-23 primary leaflets along with numerous interspersed smaller leaflets. Leaflets elliptic, toothed, mostly glabrous adaxially, glandular and hairy abaxially.

Agrimonia parviflora leaf Agrimonia parviflora leaf
Adaxial (L) and abaxial (R) leaf surfaces.

Agrimonia parviflora stipuleStipule at petiole base.

Inflorescence - Terminal, spikelike racemes with flowers on very short stalks.

Agrimonia parviflora inflorescencePortion of inflorescence.

Flowers - With obconic hypanthium having numerous hooked bristles toward rim. Sepals 5, small, spreading at flowering but becoming erect at fruiting. Petals 5, bright yellow. Stamens 5-10.

Agrimonia parviflora flowersFlowers.

Fruits - Hypanthium at fruiting 2-3 mm, fruits 4-5 mm including beak formed from erect sepals.

Agrimonia parviflora fruitsFruits.

Flowering - August - September.

Habitat - Moist to wet ground.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This striking species can be found throughout Missouri except for the the extreme northwest and southeast corners of the state. It is found in moist areas. The plant is easy to ID in the field because of its pinnate leaves having numerous (a dozen or more) primary leaflets with numerous interspersed secondary leaflets. The inflorescence of this species also tends to be more densely packed with flowers relative to other Missouri agrimonies. A. parviflora grows well from seed and could easily be cultivated in a wet area.

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 7-28-02 (DETenaglia); also at Canaan Conservation Area, Gasconade County, MO, 8-11-2013 (SRTurner).