Galanthus nivalis L.


Galanthus nivalis plant

Family - Amaryllidaceae

Stems - Ascending, to 25 cm, herbaceous, glabrous, arising from a bulb.

Leaves - Basal, linear, flat, usually shorter than aerial stems, glabrous, dark green.


Flower - Flowers pendent. Outer 3 tepals white, elliptic or obovate, descending. Inner 3 tepals shorter, pendent, white with distal green spot.



Flowering - February - March.

Habitat - Mesic, partially shaded areas.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This little species one of the first to bloom in early spring. It is always associated with past cultivation events, e.g. at old homesites and cemeteries, and can persist for many decades. An extant population in St. Charles county was originally planted at some time prior to 1940. The plants wander only slightly from their cultivated location and do not pose an invasion threat.

Photographs taken at Shaw Nature Reserve, Franklin County, MO, 2-26-2012 and 3-17-2015, and at Weldon Spring Conservation Area, St. Charles, MO, 2-28-2012 (SRTurner).