Erechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC.

Fireweed

Erectites hieracifolia plant

Family - Astercaeae

Stems - No info. yet.

Erectites hieracifolia stemStem.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Erechtites hieraciifolius leaves

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Erectites hieracifolia inflorescenceInflorescence.

Involucre - No info. yet.

Erectites hieracifolia involucreInvolucre with florets at anthesis.

Ray flowers - Absent.

Disk flowers - No info. yet.

Erectites hieracifolia fruitsPlant in fruit.

Erectites hieracifolia fruitClose-up of fruit.

Flowering - July - November.

Habitat - Rocky open woods, eroded slopes, thickets, waste ground, disturbed sites, fields, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This tall and easily identifiable species is found throughout Missouri. The plant is a pioneer and is typically the first plant to sprout after a soil disturbance or fire. This species grows fast and can reach a height of 3m, although it can flower when quite small, especially if it is mowed or is growing in an area with poor soil.
Natives used a tea made from the plant to many ailments including diarrhea, cystitis, and dropsy.

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 7-12-02 (DETenaglia); also at LaBarque Creek Conservation Area, Jefferson County, MO, 9-24-2014 (SRTurner).


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