Mikania scandens (L.) Willd.

Climbing Hempweed


CC = 5
CW = -5
MOC = 8

© SRTurner

Family - Asteraceae/Eupatorieae

Habit - Perennial twining forbs with fleshy root clusters.

Stem - Prostrate or climbing in other vegetation, to 5 m, glabrous to densely and minutely hairy, often sparsely glandular.

Mikania_scandens_stem.jpg Stem and habit.

© SRTurner

Leaves - Opposite, simple, long-petiolate. Blades 2-12 cm long, triangular to triangular-ovate, truncate to cordate at the base, tapered to a sharply pointed tip, often with a pair of short, bluntly triangular, spreading basal lobes, the margins otherwise entire to somewhat wavy, scalloped or bluntly toothed, the surfaces sparsely to moderately pubescent with short, curved hairs, also sparsely to moderately glandular, the main veins palmate.

Mikania_scandens_leaf1.jpg Leaf adaxial.

© SRTurner

Mikania_scandens_leaf2.jpg Leaf abaxial.

© SRTurner

Inflorescence - Inflorescences axillary panicles or stalked clusters, dome-shaped, often numerous.

Mikania_scandens_inflorescence.jpg Inflorescence.

© SRTurner


© SRTurner

Heads - Heads discoid, with 4 florets. Involucre 4-6 mm long, more or less cylindrical. Involucral bracts 4 (the head often also subtended by 1 or 2 other shorter bracts), more or less equal in size, narrowly oblong-elliptic to narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, tapered to a sharply pointed tip, glabrous or sparsely to moderately and finely short-hairy. Receptacle flat or nearly so.

Mikania_scandens_involucres.jpg Involucres.

© SRTurner

Mikania_scandens_heads.jpg Heads.

© SRTurner

Florets - Corollas white to pale pink or rarely pale lavender, glandular. Pappus of numerous capillary bristles.

Mikania_scandens_florets.jpg Florets.

© SRTurner

Fruits - Fruits 1.5-2.5 mm long, 5-angled, somewhat wedge-shaped to nearly linear, densely glandular, dark brown to black.

Mikania_scandens_fruits.jpg Fruits.

© SRTurner

Flowering - July - October.

Habitat - Swamps, bottomland forests, sloughs, pond margins, ditches, levees.

Origin - Native to the U.S.

Lookalikes - None close.

Other info. - This vining species can be found in the southeast corner of Missouri. Its U.S. distribution also includes most of the South and eastern seaboard. The plant is very easy to identify in the field because of its vining habit, opposite leaves with basal lobes, and umbels of whitish flower heads. The inflorescences are sweetly fragrant when at anthesis. This species can grow very long very quickly and is probably not the best choice to plant around a water garden. The plant is, however, frequently visited by many different types of flying insects.

Mikania is a large cosmopolitan genus found mostly in the tropics.

Photographs taken at Mingo NWR, Stoddard County, MO, 9-20-2019 (SRTurner).